Black Panthers: Vanguard of the Revolution - Full Video / by JoFF Rae t's been nearly 50 years since the Black Panther Party was formed in Oakland, California, by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale, and filmmaker Stanley Nelson's documentary about the group - The Black Panthers: Vanguard of the Revolution, airing as part of PBS's Independent Lens on Tuesday night - reminds us of a time in which young people's protests against oppression both actual and perceived was more organized, militant, and political.